Kyokushin karate was created by Sosai Masutatsu Oyama. Oyama lived in Korea, China and Japan, and trained in several styles of martial arts, including kempo, judo, Goju-ryu karate and Shotokan karate. Oyama used his knowledge of the martial arts to create his own style, which he named Kyokushin in 1964. Kyokushin means “the ultimate truth” in Japanese. Oyama believed karate practice should include intense, rigorous training methods. Oyama died in 1994, but many of the training methods continue. These training methods include sparring, physical exercise and kata.